Contact Details

2nd Floor, Refuge House, 9/10 River Front, Enfield, EN1 3SZ
T: 0208 884 7980
F: 0208 342 2044
E: Email

Glossary

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Activity

471
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1. A scheduling term 2. The smallest work unit within a project; the basic building block of a project.

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ADA

466
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The Americans with Disabilities Act which gives civil rights protection to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age... Read more

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Addendum

490
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(Addenda) Written information adding to, clarifying or modifying the bidding documents. An addendum is generally issued by the owner to the contractor during the bidding process and as such, addenda a... Read more

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Agent

483
Views
One authorized by a client (principal) to act in his/her stead or behalf and owes the client a "fiduciary duty" (Trust). Example: Construction Manager for fee but classified as an independen... Read more

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Agreement

470
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An arrangement between the parties regarding a method of action.  

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Alterations

486
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1. A term used to describe partial construction work performed within an existing structure 2. Remodeling without a building addition.  

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Alternate Bid

492
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Amount stated in the bid to be added or deducted from the base bid amount proposed for alternate materials and/or methods of construction.  

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Application for Payment

497
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Contractor's written request for payment for completed portions of the work and, for materials delivered or stored and properly labeled for the respective project.  

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Architect

486
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One who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other structures.  

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Architect-Engineer

524
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An individual or firm offering professional services as both architect and engineer.  

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Architects Basic Services

486
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A recognized series of phases performed by an architect as follows: 1st Schematic Design Phase, 2nd Design Development Phase, 3rd Construction Document Phase, 4th Bidding or Negotiated Phase, 5th Cons... Read more

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Architectural Drawing

594
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A line drawing showing plan and/or elevation views of the proposed building for the purpose of showing the overall appearance of the building.  

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As-Built Drawings (A.K.A Record Drawings)

484
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Contract drawings marked up to reflect changes made during the construction process. It is good practice to make As-Built drawings by marking the changes on reproducible drawings such a sepias for the... Read more

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B

Bid

483
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1. An offer or proposal of a price 2. The amount offered or proposed.

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Bid Bond

607
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A written form of security executed by the bidder as principal and by a surety for the purpose of guaranteeing that the bidder will sign the contract, if awarded the contract, for the stated bid amoun... Read more

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Bid Date/Time

481
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The due date and time set by the owner, architect or engineer for receiving bids.  

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Bid Form

660
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A standard written form furnished to all bidders for the purpose of obtaining the requested information and required signatures from the authorized bidding representatives.  

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Bid Opening

490
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The actual process of opening and tabulating bids submitted within the prescribed bid date/time and conforming with the bid procedures. A Bid Opening can be open (where the bidders are permitted to at... Read more

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Bid Price

505
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The stipulated sum stated in the bidder’s bid.  

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Bid Shopper

737
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A buyer or client who seeks to play one proposed supplier or subcontractor against the other for the purpose of reducing a purchase price.  

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Bid Tabulation

472
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A summary sheet listing all bid prices for the purpose of analysing the bid results. Bid tabulations include the required items of the invitation to bid and usually include bid amount, completion time... Read more

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Bidding Documents

481
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The published advertisement or written invitation to bid , instructions to bidders, the bid form and the proposed contract documents including any acknowledged addenda issued prior to receipt of bids.... Read more

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Bidding Period

485
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The calendar period allowed from issuance of bidding requirements and contract documents to the prescribed bid date/time.

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Bond

485
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(See Bid Bond; Contract Bond; Contract Payment Bond; Contract Performance Bond; Labor and Material Payment Bond; Performance Bond; Subcontractor Bond; surety)  

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Bonding Company

457
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A properly licensed firm or corporation willing to execute a surety bond, or bonds, payable to the owner, securing the performance on a contract either in whole or in part; or securing payment for lab... Read more

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Budget

491
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(Construction Budget) 1. An itemized summary of estimated or intended expenditures for a given period of time 2. The total sum of money allocated for a specific project.   Read more

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Building

470
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1. To form by combining materials or parts 2. A structure enclosed within a roof and within exterior walls housing, shelter, enclosure and support of individuals, animals, or real property of any kin... Read more

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Building Code

445
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The legal requirements set up by the prevailing various governing agencies covering the minimum acceptable requirements for all types of construction.

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Building Envelope

448
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(Sometimes referred to as Building Shell) 1. The waterproof elements of a building which enclose conditioned spaces through which thermal energy may be transferred to or from the exterior. 2. The out... Read more

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Building Inspector/Official

460
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A qualified government representative authorized to inspect construction for compliance with applicable building codes, regulations and ordinances. Courts have ruled that building inspections are exem... Read more

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Building Permit

446
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A written document issued by the appropriate governmental authority permitting construction to begin on a specific project in accordance with drawings and specifications approved by the governmental a... Read more

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Building Process

468
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A term used to express every step of a construction project from it’s conception to final acceptance and occupancy.  

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C

Change Order

399
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A written document between the owner and the contractor signed by the owner and the contractor authorizing a change in the work or an adjustment in the contract sum or the contract time. A change orde... Read more

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Change Order Proposal

459
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A change order proposal is the written document before it has been approved and effected by the Contractor and Owner. A change order proposal can be issued by either the contractor or the owner. The c... Read more

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Change Order Request

581
Views
A written document issued by the owner requesting an adjustment to the contract sum or an extension of the contract time; generally issued by the architect or owners representative.

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Closed Bid/Estimate

442
Views
A service offered by constructionplace.com where only invited bidders or estimators are given access to the project specific RFP (Request for Proposal) information.stimator is given access to project ... Read more

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Codes

437
Views
Prevailing regulations, ordinances or statutory requirements set forth by governmental agencies associated with building construction practices and owner occupancy, adopted and administered for the pr... Read more

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Construct

479
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To assemble and combine construction materials and methods to make a structure.

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Construction

499
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The act or process of constructing.

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Construction Cost

498
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1. The direct contractor costs for labor, material, equipment, and services; contractors overhead and profit; and other direct construction costs. Construction cost does not include the compensation p... Read more

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Construction Document Review

471
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The owners review of the borrowers construction documents (plans and specifications), list of materials, and cost breakdowns for the purpose of confirming that these documents and estimates are feasib... Read more

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Construction Documents

471
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All drawings, specifications and addenda associated with a specific construction project.

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Construction Documents

478
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A term used to represent all drawings, specifications, addenda, other pertinent construction information associated with the construction of a specific project.

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Construction Documents Phase

511
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The third phase of the architect's basic services wherein the architect prepares working drawings, specifications and bidding information. Depending on the architects scope of services the architect m... Read more

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Construction Inspector

470
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See Project Representative

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Construction Management

458
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Organizing and directing men, materials, and equipment to accomplish the purpose of the designer.

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Construction Management Contract

523
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A written agreement wherein responsibilities for coordination and accomplishment of overall project planning, design and construction are given to a construction management firm. The building team gen... Read more

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Construction Phase

475
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The fifth and final phase of the architect's basics services, which includes the architect's general administration of the construction contract(s).

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Consultant

430
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One hired by the owner or client to give professional advise.

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Contract

421
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1. An agreement between two or more parties, especially one that is written and enforceable by law 2. The writing or document containing such an agreement.

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Contract Administration

466
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The contractual duties and responsibilities of the architect and engineer during the construction phase of a specific project.  

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Contract Bond

494
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A written form of security from a surety company, on behalf of an acceptable prime or main contractor or subcontractor, guaranteeing complete execution of the contract and all supplemental agreements ... Read more

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Contract Documents

428
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A term used to represent all executed agreements between the owner and contractor; any general, supplementary or other contract conditions; the drawings and specifications; all addenda issued prior to... Read more

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Contract Over-run (under-run)

516
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The difference between the original contract price and the final completed cost including all adjustments by approved change order.

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Contract Payment Bond

436
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A written form of security from a surety company to the owner, on behalf of an acceptable prime or main contractor or subcontractor, guaranteeing payment to all persons providing labor, materials, equ... Read more

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Contract Performance Bond

491
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A written form of security from a surety company to the owner, on behalf of an acceptable prime or main contractor or subcontractor, guaranteeing the completion of the work in accordance with the term... Read more

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Contract Period

431
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The elapsed number of working days or calendar days from the specified date of commencing work to the specified date of completion, as specified in the contract.

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Contract Sum

523
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The total agreeable amount payable by the owner to the contractor for the performance of the work under the contract documents.

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Contract Time

416
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The time period set forth established in the contract documents for completing a specific project; usually stated in working days or calendar days. The contract time can only be adjusted by valid time... Read more

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Contracting Officer

436
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An official representative of the owner with specific authority to act in his behalf in connection with a specific project.  

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Contractor

444
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A properly licensed individual of company that agrees to furnish labor, materials, equipment and associated services to perform the work as specified for a specified price.  

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Contractor's Option

440
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A written provision in the contract documents giving the contractor the option of selecting certain specified materials, methods or systems without changing in the contract sum.

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Contractor's Qualification Statement

449
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A written statement of the Contractor's experience and qualifications submitted to the Owner during the contractor selection process. The American Institute of Architects publishes a standard Contract... Read more

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Contractual Liability

423
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The liability assumed by a party under a contract.

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Cost Breakdown

1130
Views
See Schedule of Values

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Cost Codes

560
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A numbering system given to specific kinds of work for the purpose of organizing the cost control process of a specific project.

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Cost of Work

414
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All costs incurred by the contractor in the proper performance of the work required by the plans and specifications for a specific project.

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Cost Plus Contract

441
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See Cost Plus Fee Agreement

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Cost Plus Fee Agreement (Cost-Plus)

415
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A written agreement with the owner under which the contractor or the architect and engineer is reimbursed for his/her direct and indirect costs and, in addition, is paid a fee for his services. The fe... Read more

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Critical Path

357
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The set of activities that must be completed on time for the project completion date to be met. Activities on the critical path have no slack time.  

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Critical Path Method (C.P.M.)

399
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A planning scheduling and control line and symbol diagram drawn to show the respective tasks and activities involved in constructing a specific project.

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CSI

402
Views
Construction Specification Institute

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CSI Master Format

398
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The CSI Master Format is a system of numbers and titles for organizing construction information into a regular, standard order or sequence. By establishing a master list of titles and numbers Master F... Read more

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Current Date Line

386
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A vertical line on the chart indicating the current date.

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D

Daily Construction Report

474
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A written document and record that has two main purposes: 1. they furnish information to off-site persons who need and have a right to know important details of events as they occur daily and hourly,... Read more

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Date of Agreement

380
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1. Usually on the front page of the agreement 2. If not on front page it may be the date opposite the signatures when the agreement was actually signed 3. or when it was recorded 4. or the date the... Read more

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Date of Commencement of the Work

320
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The date established in a written notice to proceed from the owner to the contractor.

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Date of Substantial Completion

339
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The date certified by the architect when the work or a designated portion thereof is sufficiently complete, in accordance with the contract documents, so the owner may occupy the work or designated po... Read more

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Demising Walls

1137
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The boundaries that separate your space from your neighbors' and from the public corridor.

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Design

405
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A graphical representation consisting of plan views, interior and exterior elevations, sections, and other drawings and details to depict the goal or purpose for a building or other structure.

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Design-Build Construction

428
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When a Prime or Main contractor bids or negotiates to provide Design and Construction services for the entire construction project.

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Design-Construct Contract

359
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A written agreement between and contractor and owner wherein the contractor agrees to provide both design and construction services.

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Design-Development Phase

392
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The second phase of the architect's basic services wherein the architect prepares drawings and other presentation documents to fix and describe the size and character of the entire project as to archi... Read more

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Detail

397
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1. An individual part or item 2. A graphical scale representation (drawing at a larger scale) of construction part(s) or item(s) showing materials, composition and dimensions.

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Direct Cost

408
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All items of expense directly incurred by or attributable to a specific project, assignment or task. Direct Costs, Hard Costs, and Construction Costs are synonymous.  

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Drawings

344
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1. A term used to represent that portion of the contract documents that graphically illustrates the design, location and dimensions of the components and elements contained in a specific project 2. A... Read more

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Duration

363
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The length of an activity, excluding holidays and other non-working days.

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E

Engineer

401
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See Professional Engineer

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Estimate

396
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1. To calculate approximately the amount, extent or value of something 2. To form an opinion of estimated costs.

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Estimate of Construction Cost, Detailed

398
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A calculation of costs prepared on the basis of a detailed analysis of materials and labor for all items of work, as contrasted with an estimate based on current area, volume or similar unit costs. *1... Read more

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Estimating

380
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A process of calculating the amount of material, labor and equipment required for a given project necessary to complete the work as specified.

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F

Facility or Site Analysis

313
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A visual inspection of a building and on-site improvements for functional or physical deterioration; prepare optional Replacement Cost Estimate for making recommendations to improve functional and phy... Read more

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Fast Track Construction

379
Views
A method of construction management which involves a continuous design-construction operation. When a prime or main contractor starts the construction work BEFORE the plans and specifications are comp... Read more

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FF&E

541
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1. An abbreviation for furniture, fixtures and equipment 2. Items classified as personal property rather than real property 3. An abbreviation generally associated with interior design and planning ... Read more

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Field Order

341
Views
A written order effecting a minor change or clarification in the work not involving an adjustment to the contract sum or an extension of the contract time.

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Field Report

322
Views
See Daily Construction Report

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Field Work Order

322
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A written request to a subcontractor or vendor, usually from the general or main contractor, site for services or materials.

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Final Acceptance

310
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The action of the owner accepting the work from the contractor when the owner deems the work completed in accordance with the contract requirements. Final acceptance is confirmed by the owner when mak... Read more

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Final Inspection

340
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A final site review of the project by the contractor, owner or owner’s authorized representative prior to issuing the final certificate for payment.

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Final Payment

339
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The last payment from the owner to the contractor of the entire unpaid balance of the contract sum as adjusted by any approved change orders.

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Finish Date

337
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The date that an activity or project is completed.

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Fixed Fee

305
Views
A set contract amount for all labor, materials, equipment and services; and contractors overhead and profit for all work being performed for a specific scope of work.

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Fixed Limit of Construction Costs

488
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A construction cost ceiling agreed to between the owner and architect or engineer for designing a specific project.

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G

Gantt Chart

334
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The schedule of activities for a project. A Gantt Chart shows start and finish dates, critical and non-critical activities, slack time, and predecessor relationships.

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General Conditions

301
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A written portion of the contract documents set forth by the owner stipulating the contractor’s minimum acceptable performance requirements including the rights, responsibilities and relationshi... Read more

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General Contracting (the traditional method)

328
Views
When a prime or main contractor bids the entire work AFTER the final design, plans and specifications are complete and have been approved by the owner.

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General Contractor

318
Views
Properly licensed individual or company having primary (prime) responsibility for the work.

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H

Hard Costs

381
Views
See Construction Costs and Direct Costs

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I

Improvements

276
Views
1. A term sometimes used to describe TI'S or Tenant Improvements. 2. Improvements can be in the form of new construction or remodel work.

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Indemnification

345
Views
1.The act of indemnifying. 2. The condition of being indemnified.

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Independent Contractor

492
Views
One free from the influence, guidance, or control of another or others and does not owe a "fiduciary duty". Example: architect, engineer, prime or main contractor, construction manager at-ri... Read more

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Indirect Cost (or expense)

336
Views
A contractor’s or consultant’s overhead expense; expenses indirectly incurred and not chargeable to a specific project or task. The terms Indirect costs and soft costs are synonymous . Read more

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Inspection

319
Views
1. The act of inspecting. 2. An official examination or review of the work completed or in progress to determine its compliance with contract requirements.

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Inspection for Disbursement of Funds

594
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An independent vehicle for the disbursement and accounting of construction funds allowing construction obligations to be paid (progress payments) when work is completed, inspected and approved. Job Co... Read more

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Inspection List (punch list)

311
Views
A list prepared by the owner or his/her authorized representative of items of work requiring immediate corrective or completion action by the contractor.

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Inspection Report

312
Views
Sometimes used to describe an Inspection List.

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Inspector

333
Views
One who is appointed or employed to inspect something.

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Interior Finish

331
Views
A term used to represent the visible elements, materials and applications applied to a building’s interior excluding furniture, fixtures and equipment.

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Invoice

329
Views
A list sent to a purchaser containing the items and charges of merchandise.

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L

Labor and Material Payment Bond

331
Views
1. A written form of security from a surety (bonding) company to the owner, on behalf of an acceptable prime or main contractor or subcontractor, guaranteeing payment to the owner in the event the con... Read more

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Leasehold Improvements

678
Views
A term used to mean Tenant Improvements. Generally, this term is used when building in retail stores as contrasted with the term Tenant Improvements which are generally associated with office building... Read more

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Lien Release

322
Views
A written document from the contractor to the owner that releases the Lien, Mechanic’s or Material following it’s satisfaction.

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Lien Waiver

328
Views
1. An written document from a contractor, subcontractor, material supplier or other construction professional(s), having lien rights against an owner’s property, relinquishes all or part of thos... Read more

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Lien, Mechanic's or Material

318
Views
The right to take and hold or sell an owner’s property to satisfy unpaid debts to a qualified contractor for labor, materials, equipment or services to improve the property.

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Lump Sum Agreement

353
Views
See Stipulated Sum Agreement

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Lump Sum Bid

389
Views
A single entry amount to cover all labor, equipment, materials, services, and overhead and profit for completing the construction of a variety of unspecified items of work without the benefit of a cos... Read more

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Lump Sum Contract

311
Views
A written contract between the owner and contractor wherein the owner agrees the pay the contractor a specified sum of money for completing a scope of work consisting of a variety of unspecified items... Read more

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M

Meeting Attendance Form

443
Views
A form consisting of three columns (individuals name, individuals title, and company the individual represents). This form is given to all persons attending any meeting. Each person attending the meet... Read more

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Meeting Notes

336
Views
A written report consisting of a project number, project name, meeting date and time, meeting place, meeting subject, a list of persons attending, and a list of actions taken and/or discussed during t... Read more

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Milestone

305
Views
An activity with a duration of zero (0) and by which progress of the project is measured. A milestone is an informational marker only; it does not affect scheduling.

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O

Open Bid/Estimate

472
Views
A service offered by constructionplace.com where any bidder or estimator is given access to project specific RFP (Request for Proposal) information. This option is for those seeking bids/estimates fro... Read more

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Owner

281
Views
An individual or corporation that owns a real property.

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Owner-Architect Agreement

338
Views
A written form of contract between architect and client for professional architectural services.  

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Owner-Builder

353
Views
A term used to describe an Owner who takes on the responsibilities of the general contractor to build a specific project.

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Owner-Construction Agreement

373
Views
Contract between owner and contractor for a construction project.

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Owner-Construction Management Agreement

537
Views
Contract between construction manager and client for professional services.

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P

Performance Bond

338
Views
1. A written form of security from a surety (bonding) company to the owner, on behalf of an acceptable prime or main contractor or subcontractor, guaranteeing payment to the owner in the event the con... Read more

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Performance Specifications

325
Views
The written material containing the minimum acceptable standards and actions, as may be necessary to complete a project. Including the minimum acceptable quality standards and aesthetic values expecte... Read more

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PERT

331
Views
An abbreviation for Program Evaluating and Review Technique.

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PERT Schedule

332
Views
A diagram that illustrates, charts and reports a projects estimated start and completion times; and work in progress.

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Plan

292
Views
1. A line drawing (by floor) representing the horizontal geometrical section of the walls of a building. The section (a horizontal plane) is taken at an elevation to include the relative positions of ... Read more

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Plan Checker

288
Views
A term sometimes used to describe a building department official who examines the building permit documents.

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Planner

820
Views
A person who forms a scheme or method for doing something; an arrangement of means or steps for the attainment of some object; a scheme, method, design; a mode of action.

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Plans

303
Views
A term used to represent all drawings including sections and details; and any supplemental drawings for complete execution of a specific project.

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Pre-Construction Planning and Team Building

407
Views
A process used for the purpose of establishing below market dollar budget(s), overall project scheduling and design criteria; also identification and selection of the most feasible planning, design an... Read more

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Predecessor

338
Views
An activity that must be completed before another activity can begin.

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Preliminary Drawings

327
Views
1. The drawings that precede the final approved drawings. 2. Usually these drawings are stamped or titled "PRELIMINARY"; and the "PRELIMINARY" is removed from the drawings upon be... Read more

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Preliminary Lien Notice

383
Views
A written notice given to the property owner of a specific project by the subcontractors and any person or company furnishing services, equipment or materials to that project. The notice states if bil... Read more

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Pre-qualification of prospective bidders

388
Views
A screening process wherein the owner or his/her appointed representative gathers background information from a contractor or construction professional for selection purposes. Qualifying consideration... Read more

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Prime Contract

340
Views
A written contract directly between a prime or main contractor or subcontractor for work on a specific project.

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Prime Contractor

350
Views
1. Any contractor having a contract directly with the owner. 2. Usually the main (general) contractor for a specific project.

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Principal

295
Views
1. The leading participant of professional practice.

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Professional Engineer

409
Views
One who is professionally engaged in a branch of engineering.

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Program

306
Views
An ordered list of events to take place or procedures to be followed for a specific project.

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Progress Payment

330
Views
A payment from the owner to the contractor determined by calculating the difference between the completed work and materials stored and a predetermined schedule of values or unit costs.

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Progress Schedule

303
Views
A line diagram showing proposed and actual starting and completion times the respective project activities.

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Project

312
Views
A word used to represent the overall scope of work being performed to complete a specific construction job.

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Project Cost

305
Views
All costs for a specific project including costs for land, professionals, construction, furnishings, fixtures, equipment, financing and any other project related costs.

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Project Directory

348
Views
A written list of all parties connected with a specific project. The list usually includes a classification or description of the party (i.e.., Owner, Architect, Attorney, General Contractor, Civil En... Read more

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Project Manager

467
Views
A qualified individual or firm authorized by the owner to be responsible for coordinating time, equipment, money, tasks and people for all or specified portions of a specific project.

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Project Manual

269
Views
A organized book setting forth the bidding requirements, conditions of the contract and the technical work specifications for a specific project.

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Project Representative

317
Views
A qualified individual authorized by the owner to assist in the administration of a specific construction contract.

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Property Inspections and Reports

316
Views
A limited visual inspection to identify the general features and major deficiencies of the property. Any area not exposed to view, is concealed, or is inaccessible is not included in this inspection. Read more

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Proposal

438
Views
A written offer from a bidder to the owner, preferably on a prescribed proposal form, to perform the work and to furnish all labor, materials, equipment and/or services for the prices and terms quoted... Read more

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Proposal Form

416
Views
See Bid Form

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Punch List

337
Views
See Inspection List

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Purchase Order

357
Views
A written document from a buyer to a seller to purchase materials, services, equipment or supplies with acceptable purchase terms indicated.

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Q

Qualified

359
Views
An individual or firm with a recognized degree, certificate, or professional standing; or who by extensive knowledge, training and experience, has successfully demonstrated his/her abilities to identi... Read more

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R

R.F.I.

280
Views
1. An abbreviation for Request for Information. 2. A written request from a contractor to the owner or architect for clarification or information about the contract documents following contract award... Read more

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Record Drawings

278
Views
See As-Built Drawings

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Reimbursable Expenses (Costs)

296
Views
Amounts expended for or on account of the project which, in accordance with the terms of the appropriate agreement, are to be reimbursed by the owner.

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Release of Lien

299
Views
A written action properly executed by and individual or firm supplying labor, materials or professional services on a project which releases his mechanic's lien against the project property.

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Replacement Cost Estimate

279
Views
A cost of constructing a building or structure that would have similar utility, but constructed with modern materials, current building standards, design and layout less depreciation. A land value and... Read more

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Resident Architect

361
Views
An architect permanently assigned at a job site who supervises the construction work for the purpose of protecting the owner's interests during construction.

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Resident Engineer (Inspector)

360
Views
An individual permanently assigned at a job site for the purpose of representing the owner's interests during the construction phase.

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RFP

346
Views
1. An abbreviation for Request for Proposal. 2. A written request from the requestor (usually the ower or a contractor) to a contractor, design professional or subcontractor for an estimate or cost p... Read more

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Roll Out

254
Views
A loose term used to describe the rapid succession (completion) of similar projects over a given time period.

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S

Safety Report

347
Views
The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 clearly states the common goal of safe and healthful working conditions. A Safety Report is prepared following a regularly scheduled project safety inspe... Read more

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Schedule

279
Views
A plan for performing work or achieving an objective.

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Schedule of Values

855
Views
A statement furnished by the contractor to the architect or engineer reflecting the portions of the contract sum allotted for the various parts of the work and used as the basis for reviewing the cont... Read more

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Schematic

256
Views
A preliminary sketch or diagram representing the proposed intent of the designer.

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Schematic Design Phase

313
Views
The first phase of the architect's basic services in which the architect consults with the owner to ascertain the requirements of the project and prepares schematic design studies consisting of drawin... Read more

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Scheme

313
Views
1. A chart, a diagram, or an outline of a system being proposed 2. An orderly combination of related construction systems and components for a specific project or purpose.

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Scope of Work

294
Views
A written range of view or action; outlook; hence, room for the exercise of faculties or function; capacity for achievement; all in connection with a designated project.

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Site

311
Views
The place where a structure or group of structures was, or is to be located (a construction site).

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Site Manager

454
Views
Site Manager Someone that works on the site to oversee the project.

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Slack Time

310
Views
The flexibility with non-critical jobs that allows their start dates to be adjusted without affecting the project completion date.

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Soft Costs

292
Views
Soft Costs are cost items in addition to the direct Construction Cost. Soft Costs generally include architectural and engineering, legal, permits and fees, financing fees, construction Interest and op... Read more

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Special Conditions

333
Views
A section of the conditions of the contract, other than the General Conditions and Supplementary Conditions, which may be prepared for a particular project. Specific clauses setting forth conditions o... Read more

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Specifications

293
Views
A detailed, exact statement of particulars, especially statements prescribing materials and methods; and quality of work for a specific project. The most common arrangement for specifications substant... Read more

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Standard Details

269
Views
A drawing or illustration sufficiently complete and detailed for use on other projects with minimum or no changes.

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Standard Dimension

305
Views
A measurement unique to a specific manufactured item.

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Standards of Professional Practice

244
Views
A listing of minimum acceptable ethical principals and practices adopted by qualified and recognized professional organizations to guide their members in the conduct of specific professional practice. Read more

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Start Date

275
Views
The date that an activity or project begins.

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Statement

239
Views
A copy or summary of any account covering a stated period.

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Statute of Limitations

305
Views
The period of time in which legal action must be brought for an alleged damage or injury. The period commences with the discovery of the alleged damage or injury; or in construction industry cases wit... Read more

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Stipulated Sum Agreement

6035
Views
A written agreement in which a specific amount is set forth as the total payment for completing the contract.

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Structural Design

263
Views
A term used to represent the proportioning of structural members to carry loads in a building structure.

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Structural Systems

266
Views
The load bearing assembly of beams and columns on a foundation. The beams and columns are generally fabricated off site and assembled on site. Other systems such as non load bearing walls, floors, cei... Read more

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Structure

262
Views
1. Something constructed 2. A building put together based on specific plans and specifications.

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Sub

281
Views
An abbreviation for Subcontractor.

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Subcontract

304
Views
A written form of agreement between the prime or main contractor and another contractor or supplier for the satisfactory performance of services or delivery or material as set forth in the plans and s... Read more

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Subcontractor

270
Views
A qualified subordinate contractor to the prime or main contractor.

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Subcontractor Bond

734
Views
A written document from a subcontractor given to the prime or main contractor by the subcontractor guaranteeing performance of his/her contract and payment of all labor, materials, equipment and servi... Read more

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Sublet

241
Views
To subcontract all or a portion of a contracted amount.

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Substantial Completion

275
Views
See Date of Substantial Completion.

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Substitution

250
Views
A proposed replacement or alternate offered in lieu of and represented as being equivalent to a specified material or process.

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Substructure

304
Views
The supporting part of a structure; the foundation.

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Sub-subcontractor

317
Views
An individual or firm having a written contract with a subcontractor to perform a portion of the work.

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Sub-surface Investigation

248
Views
1. A term used to represent an examination of soil conditions below the ground. 2. Investigations include soil borings and geotechnical laboratory tests for structural design purposes.

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Successor

262
Views
1. One that succeeds another 2. A scheduled activity whose start depends on the completion of one or more predecessors.

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Superstructure

1633
Views
The part of a building or other structure above the foundation.

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Supervision

289
Views
1.The act, process, or function of supervising construction materials, methods and processes for a specific project 2. Hands on field direction of the contracted work by a qualified individual of the... Read more

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Supplemental Conditions

248
Views
See Supplementary Conditions

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Supplementary Conditions

290
Views
A written section of the contract documents supplementing and qualifying or modifying the contracts general conditions.

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Supplier

281
Views
An individual or firm who supplies and/or fabricates materials or equipment for a specific portion of a construction project but does not perform any labor on the project.

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Surety

240
Views
See Bonding Company

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T

T&M

275
Views
1. An abbreviation for a contracting method called Time and Materials 2. A written agreement between the owner and the contractor wherein payment is based on the contractor's actual cost for labor, e... Read more

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Tenant's Rentable Square Feet

271
Views
Usable square feet plus a percentage (the core factor) of the common areas on the floor, including hallways, bathrooms and telephone closets, and some main lobbies. Rentable square footage is the numb... Read more

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Tenant's Usable Square Feet

259
Views
The square footage contained within the demising walls.

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Time

295
Views
As time of the essence associated with a construction contract. A provision in a construction contract by the owner that punctual completion within the time limits or periods in the contract is a vita... Read more

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Time of Completion

278
Views
The date or number of calendar or working days stated in the contract to substantially complete the work for a specific project.

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Time-and-a-half

276
Views
A term meaning any individuals normal billing hourly rate is increased by a multiple of 1.5 following predetermined normal working hours.

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Timely Completion

260
Views
Completing the work of the contract before the date required.

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TI'S (Tenant Improvements)

365
Views
TI'S is a term used to define the interior improvements of the project after the Building Envelope is complete. TI'S usually include finish floor coverings; ceilings; partitions; doors, frames, hardwa... Read more

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Transmittal

245
Views
A written document used to identify information being sent to a receiving party. The transmittal is usually the cover sheet for the information being sent and includes the name, telephone/FAX number a... Read more

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Travel Time

254
Views
Wages paid to workmen under certain union contracts and under certain job conditions for the time spent in traveling from their place of residence to and from the job.

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U

U.B.C. (Uniform Building Code)

546
Views
The Uniform Building Code is one of the family of codes and related publications published by the International Conference of Building Officials (ICBO) and other organizations, such as the Internation... Read more

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Underwriter's Laboratories Label (UL)

417
Views
A label on a product or manufactured item showing the material is regularly tested by, and complies with the minimum standards of the Underwriter's Laboratories specification for safety and quality. Read more

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Uniform System

293
Views
See CSI Format

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Unit Price Contract

305
Views
A written contract wherein the owner agrees to pay the contractor a specified amount of money for each unit of work successfully completed as set forth in the contract.

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Unit Prices

266
Views
A predetermined price for a measurement or quantity of work to be performed within a specific contract. The designated unit price would include all labor materials, equipment or services associated wi... Read more

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V

Vendor

298
Views
One that sells materials or equipment not fabricated to a special design.

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Vendor

300
Views
One that sells materials or equipment not fabricated to a special design.

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Verbal Quotation

1496
Views
A written document used by the contractor to receive a subcontract or material cost proposal over the telephone prior to the subcontractor or supplier sending their written proposal via mail or facsim... Read more

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W

Work

293
Views
The successful performance of the entire scope of the project being performed for a specific construction project including labor, materials, equipment, and other associated items necessary to fulfill... Read more

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Work Letter

282
Views
A written statement (often called Exhibit B to a lease or rental agreement) of the specific materials and quantities the owner will provide at his own expense. The work letter defines the building sta... Read more

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Work Order

285
Views
A written order, signed by the owner or his representative, of a contractual status requiring performance by the contractor without negotiation of any sort.

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Work Order

234
Views
A written order, signed by the owner or his representative, of a contractual status requiring performance by the contractor without negotiation of any sort.

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Working Drawing

274
Views
A drawing sufficiently complete with plan and section views, dimensions, details, and notes so that whatever is shown can be constructed and/or replicated without instructions but subject to clarifica... Read more

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Z

Zoning

290
Views
Restrictions of areas or regions of land within specific geographical areas based on permitted building size, character, and uses as established by governing urban authorities.

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Zoning Permit

299
Views
A document issued by a governing urban authority permitting land to be used for a specific purpose.

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